Skip to content

Cyclops Cat Joins the Museum

Many of you are here because of all the media hype surrounding the Cyclops kitten. Well, yes, we did acquire it from owner Traci Allen of Redmond, Oregon and YES it is real and not a Photoshop hoax. Allow me to give the reason for our interest in this cute mutant…

How we “evolved” :
Evolution states that millions of mutations over millions of years with the help of environmental pressures can lift a species from the ape like creature we call Lucy to us today.

Question #1 Do positive mutations exist?  Mutations, like Cy, are either neutral or negative, never positive. Then how can mutations be a genetic building block to a successful “next step” in evolutionary process?

Questions #2 Can mutations, given enough time and chance, really produce greater intelligence, reason, speech and even spirituality to beings? Is it easier to believe that we came from Adam and Eve and not Lucy and Steve?
Either way it requires faith because we did not observe Adam created from the dust of the earth, Nor did we see Lucy walking about to know for sure if she was a monkey or a person in an evolving state. Allow me to go further and state, w
e have not directly observed evolution produce a lung from a gill,  nor a arm from a fin.

Cy will be on display at the Lost World Museum.     As the Museum’s spokes animal, Cy will assist in the understanding process of what evolution postulates about the theory of life and contrast that idea with what creationism states as to the answer to the origins question. Where did we come from?

To learn more about Cy through her Cy Kitten cards go to the museum’s store or Click Here.

John Adolfi

1 Comment

  1. Boramin on April 7, 2006 at 3:33 am

    “My question is this. Do positive mutations exist? The mutations I have seen, like Cy, are either neutral or negative.”

    I am a double major in Molecular, Cellular, Developmental Biology and Anthropology. Needless to say, I am an evolutionist. While the question you are raising may be valid from your viewpoint, the information to answer it does in fact exist.

    The major problem I believe you are facing is that you are only considering “mutation” as something that drastically effects the visible physical characteristics of an organism, such as in Cy. While some “mutations” do have these kinds of obvious effects, others are not so obvious. A mutation could simply mean the alteration of a single amino acid in a single protein. This kind of variation exists within all organisms, and usually has no obvious effect. However, sometimes a mutation can have drastic effects, such as in the case of Cy. One must also remember that a “mutation” is not a single type of event, but rather this term encompasses a vast array of possible genetic changes, from single nucleotide alterations to rearrangements of chromosomes.

    To give you a publicly well known “positive” mutation, I would present the development of drug resistance genes in bacteria. When people began using antibacterial drugs to fight bacterial infection, they were very effective. However, as soon as we began using these drugs, we also began killing off all bacteria that were not resistant to the drugs. Therefore, after treatment, the only surviving bacteria contained genes that encoded proteins providing drug resistance. This in turn meant that these drug resistant bacteria were disproportionatly represented in future bacterial generations. This brings us to our current situation, where doctors are having much more difficulty fighting off bacterial infections, due to the abundance of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. Prior to our wide-spread use of antibiotics, these drug resistant bacteria may or may not have existed, but they were regardless a much smaller portion of the greater bacterial population, as evidenced by our increased difficulty in killing them off via antibiotics and our discovery of the drug resistance genes. For the bacteria, the development of drug resistance genes was a “positive mutation” that allowed them to fight our use of antibiotics and proliferate.

    One must realize that “mutation” does not necessarily entail any positive or negative connotation, and that the existance of various “mutations,” genes, or whatever other term you would like to use does not mean that they will hurt, help, or have no effect on the organism, whether that effect is visibly obvious or only detecable via chemical analysis. Some “mutations” only become important, as in the case of bacterial antibiotic resistance, when a selective pressure is applied that makes those mutations helpful to the organism’s survival. In other words, had people never discovered antibiotics, there would never have been the strong need for bacteria to develop and proliferate genes for antibiotic resistance in order to survive; those genes would have been just another relatively “neutral” mutation.

    Let me give you another example of a percieved “negative” mutation that also can have positive effects. Cystic fibrosis is a potentially terminal genetic disease in which one has viscous mucus and resultant respiratory problems, among other symptoms. Based on this information, one may conclude that this is a “negative” mutation. However, the terminal condition only occurs when one is homozygous for the cystic fibrosis allele (meaning you have two cystic fibrosis genes, one on each chromosome from each of your parents.)

    Things get interesting when you look at people whom are heterozygous for the cystic fibrosis allele, meaning they have one cystic fibrosis version of the gene and one normal version of the gene. These people are much more resistant to malaria than people with two normal genes. So, if you lived in an area chronically effected by malaria, being heterozygous for the cystic fibrosis gene becomes a “positive” mutation.

    The “positive” or “negative” effects of mutations can be relative, and obviously, as in the case of Cy, some mutations are undeniably fatal. However, by definition, mutations are random, and some are undoubtedly going to be negative, some helpful, and some will have no effect at all, or may not have any effect until more mutations occur.

    You cannot go around looking for positive mutations, because if a mutation is beneficial, then it has likely been preserved in our genome and you would percieve it as normal. You see a drastic defect such as Cy and say “Look, there is a mutation that is really obvious and it’s a bad one! Therefore all mutations must be bad and therefore evolution based on helpful mutations can’t exist!” It’s a flawed argument without looking at any of the scientific evidence surrounding genetics and mutations. Would you be surprised to know that Holoprosencephaly, Cy’s condition, occurs in humans as well? How strange that a condition like that occurs in both cats and humans… could that perhaps indicate genetic similarities between us and cats, and a past common ancestor that passed those genetic traits on to both species? The most logical argument would follow this path of logic. Furthermore, if creation was made by God, and was therefore inherently created in a perfect state, why would God include defects such as Holoprosencephaly? To make us suffer and die at birth? I for one, believe in God, but I believe that God put forth life via evolution. Consider- what an ingenious, perfect system, in which life inherently improves and perfects itself. An adaptable system is always more stable and successful that a rigid system- without adaptation, anything will fail when its current modes of operation cannot deal with the challenges it is presented.

    In short, more information is out there- one should not make judgements without knowing what it is they are judging.



Scroll To Top